咨询热线: 13764045638 7 x 24 在线支持!

Oracle中使用RMAN来检验坏块

Oracle中使用RMAN来检验坏块

RMAN即recovery manager可以通过在执行的备份任务中,仅仅验证数据文件中的数据块而不生成实际的备份,这样做的目的是纯粹为了了解数据文件中是否有坏块。

RMAN在这个环境中:

  • 验证数据文件是否存在
  • 数据文件位于正确的存放位置
  • 在RMAN尝试检验这些数据文件时,将逻辑或物理讹误的块找出来并临时记录到V$DATABASE_BLOCK_CORRUPTION视图中

具体的使用为

  • 检验整个数据库
    • backup check logical validate database; 
  • 检验个别数据文件
    • backup check logical validate datafile 1; 
  • 检验多个指定数据文件
    • backup check logical validate datafile 1, 2; 

 

 

Script:

1) $ rman target / nocatalog

2) RMAN> run {
allocate channel d1 type disk;
allocate channel d2 type disk;
allocate channel d3 type disk;
allocate channel d4 type disk;
backup validate check logical database;
}

3) select * from V$DATABASE_BLOCK_CORRUPTION ;

REM www.oracledatabase12g.com & www.askmaclean.com

4) If V$DATABASE_BLOCK_CORRUPTION contains rows please run this query to 
find the objects that contains the corrupted blocks:

SELECT e.owner,
       e.segment_type,
       e.segment_name,
       e.partition_name,
       c.file#,
       greatest(e.block_id, c.block#) corr_start_block#,
       least(e.block_id + e.blocks - 1, c.block# + c.blocks - 1) corr_end_block#,
       least(e.block_id + e.blocks - 1, c.block# + c.blocks - 1) -
       greatest(e.block_id, c.block#) + 1 blocks_corrupted,
       null description
  FROM dba_extents e, v$database_block_corruption c
 WHERE e.file_id = c.file#
   AND e.block_id <= c.block# + c.blocks - 1
   AND e.block_id + e.blocks - 1 >= c.block#
UNION
SELECT s.owner,
       s.segment_type,
       s.segment_name,
       s.partition_name,
       c.file#,
       header_block corr_start_block#,
       header_block corr_end_block#,
       1 blocks_corrupted,
       'Segment Header' description
  FROM dba_segments s, v$database_block_corruption c
 WHERE s.header_file = c.file#
   AND s.header_block between c.block# and c.block# + c.blocks - 1
UNION
SELECT null owner,
       null segment_type,
       null segment_name,
       null partition_name,
       c.file#,
       greatest(f.block_id, c.block#) corr_start_block#,
       least(f.block_id + f.blocks - 1, c.block# + c.blocks - 1) corr_end_block#,
       least(f.block_id + f.blocks - 1, c.block# + c.blocks - 1) -
       greatest(f.block_id, c.block#) + 1 blocks_corrupted,
       'Free Block' description
  FROM dba_free_space f, v$database_block_corruption c
 WHERE f.file_id = c.file#
   AND f.block_id <= c.block# + c.blocks - 1
   AND f.block_id + f.blocks - 1 >= c.block#
 order by file#, corr_start_block#;

SELECT tablespace_name, segment_type, owner, segment_name
FROM dba_extents
WHERE file_id = &fileid
and &blockid between block_id AND block_id + blocks - 1;